Global Engineering Certificates
APS420H1S | APS1420H1S: Technology, Engineering, and Global Development (Old Course code: APS520H1S)
This is a joint graduate/undergraduate course, which explores a broad range of topics centered on the role of technology and engineering in global development. The course format is a combination of lectures by the instructor and guest speakers, discussion of assigned readings (academic journals, book excerpts, popular press, etc.), review of case studies, and student presentations. Topics covered include: (1) a brief history of international development, foreign aid, and major players involved (e.g. UN, World Bank, government agencies, NGOs), (2) technological innovation and diffusion theory and practice, (3) new international development models (e.g. social entrepreneurship, microfinance, risk capital approaches) and finance organizations involved (e.g. Grameen Bank, Gates Foundation, Acumen Fund, etc.), (4) implication of major global trends (e.g. globalization, urbanization) for sustainable development. The above topics are addressed in the context of specific case studies of technologies and technology sectors involving health, energy, infrastructure, finance, and communications. The goal of this course is to inform students of the various causes and consequences of global poverty, and to highlight ways that they can apply their technical, engineering, and entrepreneurship knowledge towards addressing complex global challenges.
APS510H1F: Innovative Technologies and Organizations in Global Energy Systems
This course presents and discusses a broad range of global energy systems (including electricity generation, electricity end use, transportation and infrastructure) that are emerging based on two key trends: (a) the increasing ability to deploy technologies and engineering systems globally, and (b) innovative organizations, many driven by entrepreneurship (for profit and social) and entrepreneurial finance techniques. The course considers these types of innovations in the context of developed economies, rapidly developing economies such as India and China, and the developing world. The course will interweave a mix of industry examples and more in-depth case studies. The result will be a matrix (not necessarily completely filled in) along the three dimensions of type of technologies, types of organizational structure, and development level of the country or region. The examples and cases are examined with various engineering, business and environmental/sustainability analysis perspectives.
APS530H1S: Appropriate Technology & Design for Global Development
This course focuses on engineering design within the context of global society by emphasizing the needs of users in order to support appropriate, sustainable technology. A design project will comprise the major component of the course work. The course will take the approach of “design for X”. Students are expected to be familiar with design for functionality, safety, robustness, etc. This course will extend the students’ understanding of design methodologies to design for “appropriateness in developing regions”. Readings and discussions will explore the social, cultural, economic, educational, environmental and political contexts in which third world end users relate to technology. Students will then incorporate their deepened understanding of this context in their design project. The projects will be analyzed for functionality as well as appropriateness and sustainability in the third world context. Upon completion of the course, students should have a deeper appreciation of the meaning of appropriate technology in various international development sectors such as healthcare, water & sanitation, land management, energy, infrastructure, and communications in both urban and rural settings.
CIV1399HS: Water, Sanitation, Hygiene and Global Health (offered Winter 2017)
This course focuses on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) in low income settings from an environmental health perspective. With respect to water, the course will cover drinking water quality and quantity, water access, and appropriate water treatment and storage options. With respect to sanitation, the course will cover low cost decentralized sanitation, promotion of sanitation, gender, and sanitation in challenging environments. Hygiene topics will include disease transmission, and theory and practice of hygiene behavior, education and change.
JCR1000Y: An Interdisciplinary Approach to Global Challenges
In order to create sustainable solutions to the world’s most important challenges, global development professionals must reach beyond the traditional boundaries of their field of expertise combining scientific/technological, business, and social ideas in an approach known as integrated innovation. In this project-based course, students from multiple disciplines (engineering, management, health and social sciences) will work together – using participatory methods with an international partner – to address a locally relevant challenge. Students will be expected to communicate with and understand team members from other disciplines, integrate their knowledge and experience of global issues in order to: (a) identify and analyze the strengths and weaknesses of existing technical approaches to addressing the challenge, (b) analyze the characteristics of existing social frameworks (ethical, cultural, business, political) (c) identify gaps and needs (d) propose an appropriate integrated solution approach that incorporates an analysis of the challenge through these disparate lenses. The final deliverables for addressing the challenge at the end of the school year will include: a prototype of the end product, a business plan, a policy analysis, and analysis of impact on global health.